Mass is the amount of matter in an object. The mass of an object can be measured with a balance scale. The unit for mass is grams. The abbreviation for grams is g. When the pans contain exactly the same mass, the beam is in balance. 1. Make sure the balance scale is balanced. 2. Place your rock in one side of the balance scale. Notice how the balance is no longer balanced. 3 Add gram pieces until the scale is balanced. Take a of your rock and the gram pieces in the balance scale. 4. Add up the gram pieces. 5. Use the label tool to write the mass of the rock on the picture. Don't forget to write your unit (g). 6. Record a summary of this activity. Be sure to use the words mass, grams, and balance scale.